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Stéphane Hallegatte and Alvina Erman (WORLD BANK)
In June 2015, after two days of heavy rain, flood water washed away Sarah’s small store in Accra, which provided for her family of three. The flood that hit the city in June 2015 affected around 53,000 people in the city and caused an estimated US$100 million in damages. Slum areas in the Odaw basin were among the worst hit.
This brief summarises the results of a project from 2014-2017 that examined evidence-based strategies that motivate appropriate action and increase informed decision-making during the response and early recovery phases of natural disasters.
UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (UNISDR)
Businesses of all sizes need to ensure that resilience lies at the core of their decision-making processes in order to help the authorities and the wider community reduce the risk of disasters. The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) works hand in hand with companies to ensure that curbing the threat posed by natural and human-induced hazards etched into business strategies.
Along the beach in Mondouku, Côte d'Ivoire, a group of fishermen have just returned with their catch. Many of them come from neighboring Ghana, and they tell us that they come to the Ivorian part of the coast because there are more fish here. Still, they explain that the fish are smaller in size and number compared to previous years. The beach they are sitting on is lined with small hotels and cabanas destroyed in a storm surges over the past few years. A bit further down the coast, near the Vridi Canal, we speak with Conde Abdoulaye, who runs the lobster restaurant that his father ran before him. Even at low tide, the water laps against the steps of the restaurant and a retaining wall which he has rebuilt numerous times. He says he knows it is inevitable that at some point the sea will swallow his restaurant, and he will have to leave. He blames the canal for most of the beach erosion, but also acknowledges that changing weather patterns and increasing storms have contributed to the damage.
WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM (WEF)
This publication informs the debate on how to strengthen resilience against a variety of global risks. It focuses on identifying measures that entities of all types and sizes can take to increase resilience and distilling what each stakeholder can bring to the collaboration table. The chapter "Building Resilience to Water Crises" (pp. 7-10) looks at the challenges posed by the interconnectedness of the risk of water crises with other societal risks and in the face of the water crises risk, how to develop effective water management.
ENHANCE - PARTNERSHIP FOR RISK REDUCTION
Improving multi-sectoral collaboration is one of the core aims of the project 'Enhancing risk management partnerships for catastrophic natural disasters in Europe' (ENHANCE). Four insights from ENHANCE project case studies on the use of disaster insurance in Europe have been recorded.
FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS - HEADQUARTERS
The webinar will address the measurement of resilience to food insecurity through the Resilience Index Measurement and Analysis (RIMA) model. The model was developed in 2008 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and has recently been technically improved based on its application in 10 countries. RIMA is an innovative and quantitative approach that seeks to explain why and how some households cope with shocks and stressors better than others.
The webinar will provide an overview of the evolved RIMA-II, highlight the possible use of RIMA results and present some of the analyses that have been conducted around the world.
How to Register
Kindly register in advance. This will ensure you will receive all documentation, feedback and recording of the webinar after the event.
Or join the webinar directly on June 9th.
Make sure in advance that you are able to connect or download the application if necessary.
EVENT WEBSITE: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1pryrxmqjbxzsyvhtqsssj39c4xnazesvybf2rfg0ky4/viewform?c=0&w=1
NATURE CONSERVANCY, THE
In an effort to find smart solutions for sea-level rise, storms, floods and other climate impacts in South Florida, The Nature Conservancy today announced several new partnerships and two demonstration projects in Miami-Dade County to highlight and maximize the use of nature-based infrastructure solutions, such as mangroves, coral reefs, wetlands and dunes, as an important line of defense for coastal and community protection. These natural features are often cost-effective tools to absorb floodwaters, lessen wave energy and protect coastal residents and assets from the damages caused by storms.
Miami-Dade County is one of the most economically vulnerable locations on the planet, with over $345 billion in assets and 2.6 million people at risk due to flooding and sea-level rise. The County has already invested millions of dollars in natural and coastal area protection along with parks, trails and other open spaces. These natural areas – or natural “capital” – can be leveraged for more protection for county residents and assets, and enhanced and restored for further community risk reduction. These new partnerships announced today will further support and demonstrate how effective these efforts can be to build resilience across the region and beyond. The Nature Conservancy is committed to advancing Miami-Dade’s community resilience through a number of new two-year partnerships. The Conservancy will work with RMS, one of the world’s largest catastrophe risk modeling firms, to build standards for the modeling of mangroves and salt marshes in RMS models, ensuring that the coastal protection value of these natural systems is reflected in risk assessment and management decisions. Dr Robert Muir-Wood, Chief Research Officer at RMS said, “Through RMS’ risk models we can quantify the way that natural ecosystems, such as coastal marshes, can reduce the cost and damage from floods to the properties they protect. In an era of rising sea levels and potentially stronger storms we will increasingly want to evaluate the role that such habitats can play in risk mitigation. RMS is delighted to support this initiative by showing how it is possible to measure the benefits to local communities.”
articolo completo: http://www.nature.org/newsfeatures/pressreleases/building-climate-resilience-with-nature.xml
CRED - ISDR
This infographic presents the disaster trends in 2015 linked to natural hazards. According to the analysis, there were 346 reported disasters in 2015, 22,773 people dead, 98.6 million people were affected by those disasters and US$66.5 billion of economic damages. The top five most disaster-hit countries were China (26), USA (22), India (19), Philippines (15) and Indonesia (11).
AGREED: Bulletin for Parliamentarians - Building risk informed and resilient communities, No.1 - 2016
UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (UNISDR)
UNISDR presents AGREED, an informative bimestrial bulletin created for parliamentarians interested in being connected with the Disaster Risk Reduction community.
Global Earthquake Model Foundation (GEM)
Andrew Thomspon, former Global Catastrophe Risk & Insurance practice manager at Arup, answers some key questions about how to improve resilience and earthquake risk reduction worldwide. In this short interview, he underlines the importance of "getting knowledge about individual risks into the hands of people that can do something about it", so marginally referring to individual resilience, understandable and accessible risk information, open data.
This report presents the 2014 FM Global Resilience Index, which provides an annual ranking of 130 countries according to their business resilience to supply chain disruption through an equally-weighted composite of nine core variables. Rankings are provided for the overall composite index and for each of its component factors: economic, risk quality and supply chain. The risk quality factor consists of a country's exposure to natural hazards, the quality of its natural hazard risk management and the quality of its fire risk management.
“It’s hard to be sustainable if you are not resilient. These two aspects are very interrelated,” he added.
"About 80 percent of the investment in a city typically comes from the private sector, so the private sector does have a stake in making cities more resilient. We spend a great deal of effort to respond to natural disasters, but we have not done very well as a society to plan response actions to mitigate the impacts of natural disasters," said Dale Sands, vice chair of the United Nations’ Private Sector Advisory Group for the International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction, as reported by Greenbiz. Sands was talking earlier this year at a Sustainable Business Fridays conversation held by the Bard MBA in Sustainability program, based in New York City. “It’s hard to be sustainable if you are not resilient. These two aspects are very interrelated,” he added. Sands has spearheaded private sector engagement to improve disaster resilience. He led AECOM’s collaboration with PSAG member IBM to develop a Disaster Resilience Scorecard for Cities to evaluate degrees of preparedness for natural disasters, in connection with the UN’s Ten Essentials for Resilience. From applying the Disaster Resilience Scorecard, cities may develop a multi-year plan to improve resilience.
World Economic Forum (WEF)
In the days following the January 12, 2010 earthquake in Haiti, the World Bank disaster risk management (DRM) community worked to assess the damage, and support the Haitian government plan and enact what would become a massive and protracted recovery from this profound disaster. Accurate and up to date maps of the country were an important component of these planning efforts. These maps came from an unexpected source, a global community of volunteer mappers, who, using their internet connections and access to satellite imagery, were able to contribute to mapping Haiti from their own homes.Following the Haiti earthquake, the World Bank, Google, and several other entities made high-resolution imagery of the affected area available to the public. Over 600 individuals from the global OpenStreetMap (OSM) community began digitizing the imagery, tracing roads, building outlines, and other infrastructure, creating what quickly became the most detailed map of Port au Prince that had ever existed. Volunteers from 29 countries made about 1.2 million edits to the map, performing an estimated year of cartographic work in about 20 days. This effort catalyzed a rethinking of community mapping and open data within the World Bank and other international institutions.
"About 80 percent of the investment in a city typically comes from the private sector, so the private sector does have a stake in making cities more resilient. We spend a great deal of effort to respond to natural disasters, but we have not done very well as a society to plan response actions to mitigate the impacts of natural disasters," said Dale Sands, vice chair of the United Nations’ Private Sector Advisory Group for the International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction, as reported by Greenbiz. Sands was talking earlier this year at a Sustainable Business Fridays conversation held by the Bard MBA in Sustainability program, based in New York City.